WB/GEF Financed Xian Transit Oriented Development (TOD) Study
Xian is a historical city, which was the capital city for eight dynasties in Chinese history. It is a challenge for the city government to meet the urban development needs in one hand, but also to protect and preserve the historical heritage of the city. The city government has been promoting the use of public transportation system, and the TOD is one of the topics that the city wants to emphasize to encourage the residents use mass transit system and reducing daily commute. WB/GEF provided the grant for this important study. The objective of the study is to develop the TOD based land use plan and the approach and procedures for implementation of the TOD strategy in the historical sites and new development zones by means of subway, BRT, tram, and other types of mass transit system. The study covers the topics of TOD based fleet deployment and transfer arrangement, mass transit mode (mainly BRT and trolley line) scheme comparison on design layout and operation; and the method for a coordinated TOD based land use development, etc. Special considerations have to be given for the city’s conditions featuring metropolitan and historical and cultural place and through the assessment of the national and international best practices in urban transit development. The study was to provide guidance for preparation of urban development plan and promote the coordinated and TOD based land use development support the sustained urban development in Xi’an.
HJI was selected as the consultants to provide professional advice and support on (i) TOD and TOD based land use development; (ii) TOD based routes and fleet deployment in micro, meso and macro aspects, especially for land use around subway, BRT and tram; (iii) relationship study on TOD, traffic and urban land development use; (iv) Xi’an TOD Strategy based on city master plan and the actual status; (v)TOD scheme in historical sites and new development zones; (vi) medium-capacity BRT and tram alternative study on capacity numeration, design layout, station design, operational plan and how to cooperate with other traffic mode; (vii) land use plan for transit facilities; (vii) advice on land use plan and demand forecasting, as well as organization leadership; (viii) capacity building on IA, bus company and regarding agencies; and (ix) training and study tour.